Bergamot - Citrus bergamia

  • $19.25


Botanical name: Citrus bergamia Origin: Italy Uses: treatment of depression, stress, anorexia, tension, infection, psoriasis and eczema. Method of Extraction: Steam Distilled Cultivation: Organically Grown Bergamot is an evergreen citrus which fruit varies in color from green to yellow, and is believed to have originated in the Mediterranean.  Its name...

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Botanical name: Citrus bergamia

Origin: Italy

Uses: treatment of depression, stress, anorexia, tension, infection, psoriasis and eczema.

Method of Extraction: Steam Distilled

Cultivation: Organically Grown

Bergamot is an evergreen citrus which fruit varies in color from green to yellow, and is believed to have originated in the Mediterranean.  Its name likely comes from the town of Bergamo, Italy, and botanist believe it may be the result of a spontaneous mutation between a lemon and an orange.  The scientific name of bergamot is Citrus aurantium var. or Citrus bergamia.  Early references of Bergamot trace back to the 14th century, and it was used as a medicinal to treat malaria, to expel intestinal worms, as an antiseptic, to help with digestive issues, skin health and to reduce fevers.  The popular Earl Grey Tea is the result of the combination of Bergamot oil and regular black tea.

The Citrus bergamia tree or the Bergamot Tree is an evergreen tree that is cultivated by grafting Bergamot buds onto Bitter Orange root stalk.  It takes 15 years for the tree to reach full maturity at which point it can produce approximately one kilo of essential oil.  The trees produce white blossoms in winter and the fruit is handpicked from November to January.  Bergamot oil is produced by cold pressing the fruit peels; it takes approximately 100 fruits to yield 3 oz of Bergamot Essential Oil.  After cold expression, the color ranges from a light yellow to a dark green, and has a fresh, sweet citrusy top note with a spicy undertone and a floral nuance. 

Bergamot oil has abundant uses ranging from medicinal and odorus to cosmetic and is in many forms including oils, cosmetics, sprays, and candle making.  It can be beneficial in relieving muscle aches and body pains, alleviating headaches and discomforts caused by arthritis.  It’s anti-inflammatory properties may help relieve redness, itching and swelling and also has antiseptic and astringent properties making it ideal for use in skin care products.  

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